AI in Business (Artificial Intelligence)

This week we speak with Bastiaan Janmaat (CEO and co-Founder of DataFox) about the current and future applications of artificial intelligence in the CRM.

No matter what business you're in, there's a high likelihood that managing relationships with customers, wholesalers, suppliers, or affiliates is important to your daily operations. Artificial intelligence is currently being employed to help with automating data entry, automating email and phone reminders, and even prompting salespeople with the right phone scripts in real time.

In addition to covering "what's being done now" - spend the end of the interview asking Bastiaan about his predictions of the most likely AI-for-CRM capabilities that will become commonplace in the next 5 years.

For more AI executive interviews, and insights into current and future AI trends that are shaking up industries, visit:

www.TechEmergence.com

 

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Bastiaan_Janmaat-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 4:54pm EDT

Though we don't think about it on a daily basis - the technologies around us often "work" because of an underlying standard that they depend on. These technologies include: Wifi, ethernet, fax, and much of the internet itself. Do certain AI applications need their own set of standards in order to scale?

Imagine if you needed a new type of cable or input every time you wanted to jack your computer into the wall? Imagine if you needed different hardware to pick up wifi in every location you moved around to? Imagine if all websites had totally different protocols for how they were loaded or served to your computer? If this were the case, it would be extremely challenging for a robust "ecosystem" of internet companies and technologies to emerge, because the technology wouldn't scale or work well at all.

This week we interview Konstantinos Karachalios,‎ Managing Director of the Standards Association at the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). Konstantinos holds a PhD in Physical and previously worked for 25 years at the European Patent Office. He speaks with us this week about the kinds of AI standards that may need to arise in order for AI to be safe and trusted enough to support a business ecosystem.

Konstantinos also speaks to us about some of the current AI standards that IEEE is working on developing currently, and the implications they might have businesses everywhere.

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Konstantinos_Karachalios-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 5:19pm EDT

It would be great if instead of having our car break down - could have them fixed as soon as the underlying problem began. It would be great if instead of having to diagnose a malfunctioning piece of mechanical equipment - would could have the right "fix" presented to us immediately. As it turns out, artificial intelligence may be working its way to accomplish both of those goals in the not-so-distance future.

This week we interview Tilak Katsuri, CEO of Predii, a predictive maintenance AI company based on Palo Alto. Predii focuses on helping service people by using AI and sensor data to prescribe proper repairs. In this episode, Tilak speaks with us about what's currently possible within the world of "predictive maintenance," as well as the possible ramifications of industrial IoT and AI in the next 5 years.

For more interviews about the real-world applications of artificial intelligence in business, visit:

www.TechEmergence.com

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Tilak_Kasturi-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 10:13pm EDT

A huge percentage of digital advertising dollars today go to Google and Facebook, who dominate that sector - and are inevitably central for the future of programmatic advertising. There’s a lot of evidence to suggest that the growth in digital advertising in the last two to three years has gone almost entirely into their coffers. At least for the foreseeable future, Facebook and Google will retain the ability to dominate that space.

The ability to be able to bid for the attention of particular target audiences, whether they’re searching for a specific term, live in a specific place or they like a specific sports team, is something that doesn’t seem to be going away, and seems to be rather efficient, thanks in the large part to Artificial Intelligence.

In this episode we talk to Lior Tasman who is the CEO of PredictiveBid, an Israeli-based predictive advertising optimization start-up. The team focuses on applying AI to some of the bigger issues in programmatic advertising to help draw out more ROI from ads. We discuss some of the challenges of programmatic advertising and what the future of programmatic advertising may look like from an advertiser’s perspective.

For more executive interviews on the applications of AI in Industry, visit:

TechEmergence.com

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Lior_Tasman-Mixdown_1.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 1:33am EDT

Machine learning currently faces a number of obstacles which prevent it from advancing as quickly as it might. How might these obstacles be overcome and what impact would this have on the machine learning across different industries in the coming decade? In this episode we talk to Dr. Hanie Sedghi, Research Scientist at the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence, about the developments in core machine learning technology that need to be made, and that researchers and scientists are working, on to further the application of machine learning in autonomous vehicles. We also touch on some of the impact that might be made if machine learning is able to overcome its own boundaries in terms of computational research, in terms of certain algorithms, and what kind of impact that might have in the arena of autonomous driving and in the realm of natural language processing (NLP).

See more episodes online at:

www.TechEmergence.com

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Hanie-Sedghi-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 11:59pm EDT

Fraud attacks have become much more sophisticated. Account takeovers are happening more often. Many security attacks involve multiple methods and unexpected attacks can devastate businesses in just a few days, as we saw with Neiman Marcus and Target. False promotion and abuse is seen not only on social media sites but is also targeted at business. To combat these risks, fraud solutions need to be smarter to keep pace with fraudsters to prevent attacks and react quickly when they do happen. This requires a fast-learning solution with the ability to continually evolve. In this episode we talk to Kevin Lee from Sift Science and examine the shifts in the info security landscape over the past ten or fifteen year. Lee also highlights what new kinds of fraud are now possible and what machine learning solutions are available.

See more episodes at:

www.TechEmergence.com

 

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Kevin_Lee-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 12:23am EDT

Unlike the field of self-driving cars, the fields of construction, mining, agriculture, and other classes of “heavy industry” involve a huge variety of equipment and use-cases that go beyond traveling from A to B. The heavy industry leaders of today are no farther behind automakers in their understanding that AI and automation will be essential for the future of their companies. In this episode, guest Dr. Sam Kherat discusses the areas in heavy industry where AI is currently playing a role in heavy industry, what type of capabilities and functions are automatable, and at what level. He also shines a light on how AI might affect the future of the industry within the next 2-3 years, and in what ways we can expect large equipment to become more autonomous.

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Sam_Khera-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 5:24am EDT

Although machine learning in finance is far from new, it is merely at the cusp of a much wider set of applications (in all segments of finance, from insurance to bookkeeping and beyond). Already machine learning has overhauled so many aspects of the financial landscape, from accounting to trading, and it is destined to have more and more impact as it develops further. Guest Alexander Fleiss and his team at Rebellion Research are developing and using AI which uses quantitative analysis to pick investments. Fleiss discusses the current status of machine learning in the world of finance as well as lesser-known niche applications that don’t make headlines - but do make a big impact on how businesses are run. He then goes on to explore the effects of future innovative applications of AI in the financial domain.

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Alexander-Fleiss-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:34pm EDT

Guests Will Jack and Nikhil Buduma co-founders of Remedy Health Inc discuss the challenges involved in collecting, setting up and structuring data in order to implement AI in healthcare. By the end of this episode, listeners will have gained insight into the challenges of healthcare data systems, and the potential solutions to cleaning and organizing this data for healthcare AI applications.

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Will_Jack__Nikhil_Buduma-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 9:46pm EDT

In the last few months, we've had a string of fantastic interviews with investors and have gained a cross-industry picture of what's important for start-ups and emerging trends in the AI and ML space. This week's interview is no exception. Ann Miura-Ko, co-founder and partner at Floodgate, starts with an explanation of the "self-driving enterprise" concept, her functioning idea about AI investing and the future of software in general. Her high-level insights embody an interesting emphasis on the dynamic of human-machine interactions and relationships cross industries, including the constant workflows and interactions of people using software and bolstering the predictive and prescriptive analytics capabilities of that software. While forward-thinking, Miura-Ko also paints a picture of how these synergistic relationships between humans and machines are happening with companies today.

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Ann_Miura-Ko-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 10:20pm EDT

Getting an investor's perspective in AI is always a good idea for companies looking to raise money, in terms of understanding of excites VC's, but even more broadly an investor's perspective can point to emerging  factors in how AI is going to impact a particular industry, shining a light on industry developments, including the commonalities that matter for any company, in any industry, leveraging these tools that are increasingly embedded with AI. In this episode we interview Polaris Partners' Gary Swart, who speaks about elements of companies that are laying the right foundations for using AI optimally and making a more defensible, durable company in an increasingly competitive landscape.

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Gary_Sart-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 12:26am EDT

The upsurge of malware and sophisticated attacks continue to keep cybersecurity in the spotlight, but new developments in AI and deep learning offer more advanced solutions to combat security threats. This week, we catch up with Eli David, CTO of Deep Instinct—a company founded in Israel with US headquarters in San Francisco—that applies deep learning to information security. David spoke with us about why and how the deep-learning approach to AI is relevant to the future of cybersecurity.

Companies that are actively building their own security infrastructure, or are in growth mode and know they will eventually need to, should find this interview particularly relevant. David shares his perspective on how and where potential cyberthreats focus their attacks and the resulting ramifications for industries as they look for best ways to respond and prevent attacks.

 

Direct download: TEP-Eli_David-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:00pm EDT

One of the most clear insights from our recent consensus in marketing and advertising was that companies who have more digital touch points along the path to conversion—and more conversion in general—have an advantage when applying AI and ML technologies. In this week's episode, Scopely Co-Founder Ankur Bulsara shines a light on this dynamic and describes how gaming companies are taking advantage of digital trails and applying machine learning technologies. We don't cover much gaming on the TechEmergence podcast, so this interview is a bit off the beaten path. Bulsara speaks about how dialed-in and instrumented the mobile gaming environment is and how data is used to leverage higher conversions over time, as well as how Scopely's systems are set in place to ensure success of their business model. We think his insights on how gaming companies leverage higher conversions with (and without) machine learning can serve as an analogy for companies in other industries that are considering how to set in place similar, optimal digital processes over time.

Direct download: TEP-Ankur_Bulsara-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 1:10am EDT

In this episode, we speak with Co-founder and CEO Alex Holub of  Vidora, about how AI can be put to work to improve marketing results. Holub touches on the resources needed—time, money, in-house or outside expertise, calibration, and data— in order to leverage AI in a realistic way. It's safe to say that today, some businesses are not yet set up to be leveraging AI, while others should be seriously considering taking the leap to using machine learning. Holub draws some firm lines as to what kinds of businesses are primed to take advantage of AI, and what it takes to flip the switch and make AI a useful and inspired revenue driver in the marketing domain.

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Alex_Holub-Mixdown_1.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 7:35pm EDT

I'm always a little shocked when I see how much venture investing goes into the healthcare space, which brings me to the subject of this week's episode: just how the healthcare industry is (and isn't) being impacted by innovations in AI technology. Guest Steve Gullans of Boston-Based Excel Venture Management talks about some of the various healthcare-related ML and AI applications that he sees being brought to light, and touches on which innovations have a better chance of getting blocked and redirected by parties of interest and those that have more promise in being accepted and rolled out sooner. By the end of this episode, listeners will have a more clear picture of practical considerations in healthcare technology adoption, reasons that are often less about quality or potential of the technology and more about clarity on ROI for investors.

Direct download: TEP-Steve_Gullans-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:00pm EDT

In some ways, investors in AI have to do a lot of what we do at TechEmergence, which is sort through marketing fluff and determine what's actually working and what's more of a pipe dream, as well as what's coming up in the next five years that seems inevitable and what's more likely to flop. In this episode we're joined by Li Jiang, a venture capitalist with GSV Capital whom I was connected with through Bootstrap Labs as a pre-event interview — we'll both be at Bootstrap Labs' Applied AI event in San Francisco on May 11. This week, Jiang speaks about the current areas of AI applications that he sees driving value in business, as well as what technologies he believes will make a long-term impact in terms of automation. His insights on where AI automations are generating cost savings and increased efficiency, as well as what roles might be completely replaced or significantly augmented by AI, are useful nuggets for companies who are thinking through some of their own business processes and are eager to identify low-hanging fruit.

Direct download: AI_in_Industry-Li_Jiang-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 1:43am EDT

Getting beyond the marketing and jargon on the homepage of AI companies and figuring out what's actually happening, what results are being driven in business, is part of our job at TechEmergence. Shaking those answers out of founders is not always easy, but we didn't have to do much shaking with Yohai Sabag, chief data scientist for Optimove, a marketing AI and automation company in Israel. In this episode, he speaks about what humans are needed for in the optimization process, and what facets can be automated or distributed to a machine. Sabag gives an excellent walk-through of how marketers can use the "human-machine feedback loop" to optimize individual campaigns at scale.

 

Direct download: TEP-Yohai_Sabag-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:00pm EDT

In marketing, there are lots of applications in AI and machine learning (ML), from recommendation engines to predictive analytics and beyond. At the company Adgorithms, there are even more ambitious projects underway - like automating the process of marketing altogether by having a machine run and generate ads, or test and spend the marketing budget of a company. Or Shani, CEO of Adgorithms, focuses on the quantitative aspects and optimization of online advertising, using algorithms to improve advertising processes. In this interview, Shani talks about how Adgorithms' smart marketing platform "Albert" meshes with humans’ role in marketing, and also discusses how these roles might change over the next 5 to 10 years as we move towards ever more automated marketing processes.

Direct download: TEP-Or_Shani-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:57pm EDT

Not all knowledge work can be crunched by a program, but there are some hard-to-automate business processes that a select few entities are making an attempt to automate now. Boston-based Rage Frameworks, Inc. is one such company, and in this episode we speak with Senior Vice President (SVP) Joy Dasgupta about specific applications of automation technologies applied to white collar environments. Rage Frameworks has developed intelligent machines that have been able to take over process that, prior to the emergence of AI and automation technologies, would have required thousands of people to accomplish. These developments are a microcosm of what is to come, and the process is not without its ethical considerations (as discussed in a previous interview with Yoshua Bengio). But Dasgupta's insights provide a concrete glimpse into how these processes are being automated in the knowledge workplace today and what that might mean or look like decades from now.

Direct download: TEP-Joy_Dasgupta-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 12:54am EDT

In many ways, AI and finance are made for each other. Machine learning and other techniques make it easier to identify patterns that might otherwise not be detected by the human eye, and finance is quantitative to begin with so that it’s hard not to find traction. Financial firms have also invested heavily in AI in the past, and more are starting to tap into the financial applications of machine learning (ML) and deep learning. This week, we’re joined by CEO and Co-founder of Kavout Alex Lu, whose company offers AI trading applications for enterprises and individuals. Lu speaks today about the kinds of patterns that traders now have access to in finance, and he gives examples of ways Kavout and other institutions are using artificial intelligence in stock trading to build better and more personalized products and services.

 

Direct download: TEP-Alex_Lu-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:30pm EDT

Market research and trends is important when discussing AI and business, but it's also worthwhile to contemplate the ethical and social implications further down the line. How will countries deal with potential unemployment problems? How might countries collaborate to hedge against the risks that AI poses to the future of work and other economic facets? A relatively small group is helping people do just that i.e. getting organizations and countries to think through how they could hedge against the grander risks inherent in a world powered by AI.

In this episode, we speak with Jerome Glenn, head of the Millennium Project, an initiative that focuses on research implementing the organizational means, operational priorities, and financing structures necessary to achieve the Millennium Development Goals or (MDGs). Glenn talks about how he gets principalities of the world to bring their big industrial players and the public to talk through possible scenarios that are 30, 40, even 50 years in the future, and about ways we might potentially hedge against risks and make the most of the upsides of AI in a global economy.

Direct download: TEP-Jerome_Glenn-Mixdown_1.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 3:09pm EDT

I remember reading an article in Scientific American years ago about a poster of a person looking in the direction people sitting in a school dining room, and that this poster would make people sitting in the dining room less likely to litter. This seems like an absurd example of holding people accountable for their actions, but as it turns out, there are a lot more serious consequences to ensuring behavior change through observation, and one area where this matters is medicine.

Today, there’s a major issue with people who don't adhere to their medical regimens, only to relapse or experience more serious symptoms later on. This week's guest, Cory Kidd, CEO of Catalia Health and known for his work at MIT on human-robotic interaction, is working to help solve this problem by developing a robot that adds some of that physical presence and accountability. This is likely one of many novel medical AI applications that we're likely to see roll out in healthcare over the next decade.

Direct download: TEP-_Cory_Kidd-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:00pm EDT

Today's episode is about continual learning, a focus of Cogitai, a company dedicated to building AI's that interact and learn from the real world. Cogitai's Cofound and CEO Mark Ring talks about the differences between supervised and reinforcement, and how Cogitai intends to take reinforcement learning in the direction of continual learning. Ring also touches on where he sees an opportunity for applying continual learning in domains like vehicles, consumer apps, etc., and improving abstract levels of understanding by machines.

 

Direct download: TEP-_Mark_Ring-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 11:59pm EDT

OpenAI's Ilya Sutskever on Preparing for the Future of Intelligence

Some organizations are leveraging artificial intelligence (AI) to help the world with research, some to help companies with marketing, and some are intent on ensuring that the future of AI doesn’t result in the end of humanity. Theres’a good likelihood that if you're reading this interview, that you're already familiar with OpenAI, an organization with the sole purpose of ensuring that the future of man and machines is a friendly one, and that the concentration of power and intelligence isn’t centralized in a way that would make AI a dangerous tool. In this episode, we speak with Ilya Sutskever, research director for Open AI. This was a fun but frustrating interview; Sutskever held his cards close to his chest, but we gain some perspective on what he considers to be areas of importance regarding the future of AI and considerations for safely furthering advances in the field.

Direct download: TEP-Ilya_Sutskever-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:23pm EDT

Accenture's CTO on: The Economic Impact of Artificial Intelligence

Accenture is a pretty large company in the tech space, providing services to many of the Fortune 500 and global equivalents. They recently conducted a study of their own, combined with expertise from economists and AI researchers, about the longer-term economic impact of artificial intelligence on economies around the world. In this episode, I speak with Chief Technology Officer Paul Daughtery, who has been with Accenture since 1986, who was joined by Global Technology R&D Lead Marc Carrel-Billiard. We met up at a coffee shop after an AI Summit in San Francisco, and I asked Paul and Marc about what they had learned from this newly-published study and what they consider to be the significant impacts of AI and automation on the future job market.

Direct download: TEP-Paul_Daughtery-Mixdown.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 12:29am EDT

Could Swarm Intelligence Be Used to Teach AI?

It isn’t by chance that birds fly in flocks and fish swim in schools -  they’re actually smarter when they act in a group. Could it be possible to extend that collective intelligence to human beings, and even AI? Louis Rosenberg is a PhD from Stanford, previously founder of Immersion and who now runs Unanimous AI, a company focusing on harnessing swarm intelligence with human beings. In this episode, Rosenberg speaks about how this collective-intelligence approach has been applied to human beings in terms of garnering improvements in a range of predictions, and he also touches on what this type of swarm intelligence might mean when we talk about multiple AI’s in the future.

Direct download: Louis_Rosenberg.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:00pm EDT

The Business Value of Unstructured Data - with LoopAI Chief Scientist Patrick Ehlen

Our guest in this episode has spent a large part of his life on figuring out how to make machines more intelligent. LoopAI Chief Scientist Patrick Ehlen has worked on a number of important projects, from DARPA projects to big-company AI solutions at places like AT&T. LoopAI works on getting AI to make sense and meaning of unstructured text, and Ehlen talks about the potential business applications for this technology and where it's making way its way into industry. Ehlen also touches on the implications for developers in the nascent AI field - like LoopAI - that are vying to implement its technology as an industry standard, and how such organizations will have to market themselves and deliver services to develop a thriving AI ecosystem.

Direct download: Patrick_Ehlen_Finished.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 7:00pm EDT

Investing in Artificial Intelligence - With Motus Ventures' Robert Seidl

Companies looking to raise money are often asking what investors think of their company, their industry, and how they're making investment decisions in related companies. In this episode, I ask these questions of Robert Seidel, who is managing partner of Motus Ventures, an investment firm focusing on autonomous Vehicles and the IoT. Seidl talks about various data sources and the people and networks from which investors draw information when they don’t have what they need on-hand and need to make important investment decisions. He also shares his perspective on the high-energy and competitive investment world of AI, including his thoughts on the most exciting (and confusing) areas in the industry.

Direct download: Robert_Seidl_Mixed.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 7:23pm EDT

Your.MD's CEO on the Future of AI in Medicine

In this episode, we speak with Dr. Matteo Berlucchi, the founder of Your.MD, which uses artificial intelligence to create one of the first personal health assistant platforms in 70+ countries. Berlucchi talks about the challenges in making an AI do what you want, specifically helping people self diagnose and seek proper treatment. He discusses the multiple approaches to AI that are blended together in order to yield optimal results, and touches on the sometimes stark differences between what AI can do in the lab versus the functional application for tens of thousands of people. If you're interested in the diverse applications of AI and the challenges in running a startup, Dr. Berlucci's makes for an interesting episode.

Direct download: Matteo_B.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 8:29pm EDT

Technology Meta-trends and a Bird's Eye View of the Singularity

Today we have a guest who has interviewed more futurists than anyone else I know. While at TechEmergence a lot of our interviews focus on executives in AI, Nikola Danaylov has had the pleasure of interviewing some of the finest futurists and forward-thinking minds in the world, including Ray Kurzweil, Verner Vinge, Marvin Minsky, and many others. We speak today about the trends he’s seen aggregated (if any) amongst futurists, and about how technology may be dragging us farther into a transhuman future, whether that be closer to a utopia or a dystopia.

Direct download: Nikola_Dana_Mixed.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 10:58pm EDT

Machine Learning Not a Crystal Ball, But It Brings Clarity to Investment Decisions

Tad Slaff is the founder of Inovance, the creator of TRAIDE - a strategy creation platform that use machine learning algorithms to help traders uncover patterns in assets and indicators and build more reliable trading strategies. In this episode, Tad speaks about the state of machine learning in finance today, and touches on how future applications of machine learning and trends may alter what gives an edge to one hedge fund or institutional investor over another.

Direct download: Tad_Slaff.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 3:00am EDT

How Gaming Could Win Us More Adaptable Artificial Intelligence

It’s more common to ask what AI can to do to win at games, but it’s less common to ask what games can do to help develop AI. This is a particularly fitting topic after Google’s DeepMind’s defeat of Go, and in this episode we talk with New York University’s Julian Togelius about his research in how games can help us develop AI. We discuss how simple AI has been used in more common video games; the ‘smoke and mirrors’ effect that is more often used to mimic AI; and the more innovative ways that AI are being used in gaming at present, setting precedents for the future role of AI in gaming.

Direct download: Julian_Togelius_new.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 7:03pm EDT

Is Embodied Intelligence a Necessity for Flexible, Adaptive Thinking?

What is intelligence? For some researchers, it may be quite possible to create an intelligent machine ‘in a box’, something without physical embodiment but with a powerful mind. Others believe general intelligence requires interaction with the outside world, inferring information from gestures and other features of functioning in an environment. Dr. Vincent Müller is of the belief that intelligence may involve more than just mental algorithms and may need to include the capacity to sense rather than just run a program. Vincent focuses on cognitive systems as an approach to AI, and in this episode he talks about what this means and implies, how this approach is different from classical AI, and what this might permit in the future if the field is developed.

Direct download: Vincent_Mueller.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 2:42pm EDT

The Rise of Neural Networks and Deep Learning in Our Everyday Lives

How do neural networks affect your life? There’s the one that you walk around with in your head of course, but the one in your pocket is an almost constant presence as well. In this episode, we speak with Dr. Yoshua Bengii about how the neural nets in computer software have become more ubiquitous and powerful, with deep learning algorithms and neural nets permeating research and commercial applications over the past decade. He also discusses likely future opportunities for deep learning in areas like natural language processing and individualized medicine. Bengio was a researcher at Bell Labs with Yann LeCun and Geoffrey Hinton, now at Facebook and Google respectively, and was working on neural nets before they were the "cool" new AI technology that they're seen as today.

Direct download: Yoshua_Bengio.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 6:00am EDT

Fear Not, AI May Be Our New Best Creative Collaborators

Statements about AI and risk, like those given by Elon Musk and Bill Gates, aren’t new, but they still resound with serious potential threats to the entirety of the human race. Some AI researchers have since come forward to challenge the substantive reality of these claims. In this episode, I interview a self-proclaimed “old timer” in the field of AI who tells us we might be too preemptive about our concerns of AI that will threaten our existence; instead, he suggests that our attention might be better  honed in thinking about how humans and AI can work together in the present and near future.

Direct download: Jim_Hendler.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 9:00am EDT

Open-Minded Conversation May Be Our Best Bet for Survival in the 21st Century

Few astrophysicists are as decorated as Martin Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow, who was a primary contributor to the big-bang theory and named to the honorary position of UK's astronomer royal in 1995. His work has explored the intersections of science and philosophy,  as well as human beings’ contextual place in the universe. In his book "Our Final Century", published in 2003, Rees warned about the dangers of uncontrolled scientific advance, and argued that human beings have a 50 percent chance of surviving past the year 2100 as a direct result. In this episode, I asked him why he considers AI to be among one of the foremost existential risks that society should consider, as well as his thoughts around how we might best regulate AI and other emerging technologies in the nearer term.

Direct download: Martin_Rees.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 12:12am EDT

Putting the Art in Artificial Intelligence with Creative Computation

When we think about AI, we often think about optimizing some particular task. In most circumstances through computation there is an optimal chess move, or an optimal way to determine pattern in data, or solve a math problem, or route info through servers. Most of us are aware of these uses, but what about creative tasks? Can these also be optimized? If we want to give a computer information and tell it to create powerpoint slides, is there an optimal way to create such slides? Dr. Philippe Pasquier’s computational research is focused on artificial creativity. In this episode, we talk about how to define a very new field, train machines in this area, and also discuss trends and developments that might permit such technology to thrive in the next 10 years.

Direct download: Philippe_Pasquier_1.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 7:00am EDT

AT&T Predicts Future, Save Service with Machine Learning

We’ve featured a number of artificial intelligence researchers on the show, but today we switch gears and dive into the business side of the industry. In this episode, Dr. Mazin Gilbert (who earned his PhD in Engineering) breaks down AT&T’s efforts to make more intelligent systems large-scale. How do they train their network to route traffic through the right nodes on holidays, when certain areas of traffic are overloaded? How can a system know, based on signals from hardware, which pieces might be going bad and need replacing and send out a message to alert the company? Making a network ‘aware’ is a large challenge, but Mazin gives an insider’s perspective as to how economic and business pressures are driving AT&T to implement machine learning technologies in order to remain profitable.

 

Direct download: Mazin_Gilbert.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 9:00am EDT

Snuggle up with Technology, But Don't Leave Empathy in the Cold

Are we losing something with technology? There are two sides to every argument, including this one. Dr. Sherry Turkle is of the belief that there’s enough mounting scientific evidence that points toward loss of empathy and self knowledge due to increasing interaction with machines. In this episode, we discuss Dr. Turkle’s research and her subtle fears for the future, particularly of those about machines that replicate emotions or conversation but that don’t actually feel anything - is the ability to form real connections between two beings at risk of being lost?

Direct download: Sherry_Turkle.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 9:00am EDT

Putting the Horse Before the Cart May Lead the Way to Artificial General Intelligence

A lot of AI applications are not really “smart”, at least not in the sense of the word as most humans might envision a true artificial intelligence. If you know how Deep Blue beat Gary Kasparov, for example, then you may not believe that Watson is a legitimate thinking machine. Our guest this week, Dr. Pei Wang, is of the belief that building a Artificial “General” Intelligence (AGI), what researchers define as an entity with human-like cognition, is a separate question from figuring out AI applications in the more narrow sense. In this episode, Dr. Wang lays out three differentiating factors that separate AGI from AI in general, and also talks about three varied and active approaches being taken to try and accomplish AGI.

Direct download: PeiWang.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 9:00am EDT

Seeing the World through Machine Eyes - with Dr. Irfan Essa

Most of us forget that just about a decade ago, Facebook’s software was incapable of tagging people in a photo, but today can so without difficulty, sometimes without us even knowing. Machine vision has progressed to the point where it’s also common for computers to be able to pick out dogs from cats in images, another task that was not possible 10 years ago.

In this episode, we talk with Dr. Irfan Essa, an expert in Computer Vision at the Georgia Institute of Technology (GA Tech), about progress made in machine vision over the last 10 years, related projects in the works today, and where machine vision may be headed in the next decade.

Direct download: Irfan_Essa.mp3
Category:Artificial Intelligence -- posted at: 9:00am EDT